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Writing HTML documents


HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language and was developed by Tim Berners-Lee at the CERN , Geneva in 1991. The history of exchanging data by telephone goes back to more then thirty years, when at the time of the Cold War, The Pentagon was looking for a way how to store information in more then one place at the time. Just in case that the Soviet Union would drop a bomb on their heads. At least the Internet then is one good result of the Cold War era.

HTML made it possible to transform plain ASCII (or DOS) texts into pages with graphical layout and pictures, sound and moving images and above all link them with each other.

The most important feature of HTML is the hypertext link. The most important feature in writing HTML is the tag. This tag is made invisible by your browser, but dicates the structure of your page.


Here's an example of how these tags look like in a standard document:


<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE>The Store - Service Pages </TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY BACKGROUND="backs/spiral.gif" BGCOLOR="#0080C0" TEXT="#400080" LINK="#0000FF" VLINK="#FF0000" ALINK="#00FF00">

<H1>Writing HTML documents</H1>

<P>
TEXT


<HR>
</BODY>
</HTML>

Here are some more examples of HTML tags

You can write these HTML tags with Windows Notepad or word/wordperfect programs but then you have to save them in ASCII. But, it is easier to use one of the many HTML-editors developed for all kind of operatings systems.

Always be sure that you give the files the extension .htm or html and that your home page is named index.htm or index.html! Webbrowsers only read HTM(L) texts and GIF and JP(E)G format images.

If you want to see how others have written their pages, most webbrowsers make it possible to "see under water". In Netscape for instance, you use View/Document Source.

With an FTP program you can then upload (transfer) the file into the WWW directory of your diskspace at your Internet Provider. Check your local provider servicedesk pages to find out their IP adresses and ftp-servername.


HTML Examples

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